Differentiation of gluteus medius and minimus activity in weight bearing and non-weight bearing exercises by M-mode ultrasound imaging.

Liste aller Autoren: 
Dieterich A, Petzke F, Pickard C, Davey P, Falla D.
Zeitschrift: 
Man Ther. 2015 Oct;20(5):715-22.

BACKGROUND:

Knowledge on task-specific activity of the deep hip abductor muscles is limited and is required for determining appropriate hip abductor exercises.

OBJECTIVES:

To assess the temporal differentiation of activity of gluteus minimus and the deep and the superficial regions of gluteus medius during weight bearing and non-weight bearing exercises.

DESIGN:

Repeated measures design on a single recording occasion.

METHOD:

M-mode ultrasound was used to capture activity-related muscle motion of the gluteus minimus and medius muscles in 20 healthy volunteers during weight shift, hip hitch, side-lying abduction and active leg lengthening exercises. M-mode traces were computer-processed for detecting muscle motion onsets. Mean onset differences between muscle regions and their intra-individual variability were assessed.

RESULTS:

In contrast to side-lying abduction, the weight shift and hip hitch exercises resulted in larger onset variability between the gluteus minimus and deep gluteus medius (P < 0.001) and also between the deep and superficial regions of the gluteus medius (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Weight bearing exercises promoted a greater functional differentiation between deep and superficial hip abductor muscles.

Impactfaktor: 
1.761